October 14, 2015 at 8:11 am / by Saarc
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SAARC is an organization of eight countries located in the South Asia and it stands for the South Asian Association for Regional Corporation. The Secretariat of this organization is located in the Kathmandu which is capital of Nepal. 3% of the area of the world is represented by SAARC countires. It is around 1.7 billion of the people and it is 21% of the world population.
All six member countries share boarders with the big brother of the SAARC nations India. Only exception is Afghanistan. Late President of Bangladesh Ziaur Rahman first raised the necessity of regional and political and economical cooperation in the South Asia on the 2nd May 1980. Subsequently on the 8th of December 1985 fist SAARC countries summit was held in Dhaka Capital of Bangladesh.
Initial members of the SAARC countries were India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bhutan, Neola, Maldives and Sri Lanka. Later another country Afghanistan was awarded the full membership and there are several other countries were given observer memberships.
Objective of the SAARC to develop economies, collective self reliance in the South Asian countries and to step up the social and cultural development in South Asian countries.
SAARC has established permanent diplomatic relations with the European Union and United Nations as observers. Foreign Minsters of the SAARC counties are met twice a year and the official meeting of the leaders of the SAARC countries are held once a year. On 26th and 27th November 2014 18th SAARC country leaders summit was held in the Kathmandu capital of Nepal.
Regional Centers have been established in members countries in order to promote regional cooperation. These centers are handled by Boards of representatives from all SAARC countries. Such regional centers are , Dhaka, Bangladesh, SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC), Dhaka, Bangladesh, SAARC Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS Centre (STAC), Kathmandu, Nepal, SAARC Documentation Centre (SDC), New Delhi, India, SAARC Human Resources Development Centre (SHRDC), Islamabad, Pakistan, SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre (SCZMC), Maldives, SAARC Information Centre (SIC), Nepal, SAARC Energy Centre (SEC), Pakistan, SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC), India, SAARC Forestry Centre (SFC), Bhutan and SAARC Cultural Centre (SCC), Sri Lanka.
The main objective of the SAARC organization is the lasting peace and prosperity of its member nations. Political situation is discussed at meetings and member countries are desist from interfering in the domestic issues of the member countries. It is specific and in the 13th SAARC meeting emphasis was made in cooperation among SAARC countries to fight collectively against the terrorism.
Visa exemption scheme was instituted in the year 1992 by SAARC countries. On 29th and 31st December 1988 at the fourth SAARC summit which was held at Islamabad in Pakistan leaders realized the significance of having cooperation among the peoples of SAARC countries. It decided that certain categories of dignitaries should be entitled to a special travel document which would exempt them from visas within the SAARC countries. Visa exemption categories are Parlimentarians, judges of higher courts, Senior Government Officials, Jounalists, Businessmen and Sportsman.